Atlanta Brain Injury Lawyer

Suffered a Traumatic Brain Injury in Atlanta, GA?

Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) can have life-altering consequences, affecting not only the injured individual but also their families and loved ones. If you or a loved one has suffered a traumatic brain injury in Atlanta, you need experienced legal representation to protect your rights and secure the compensation you deserve. Cunningham Bounds is here to help you navigate the complexities of a TBI case and advocate for your best interests.

Call (404) 609-1081or contact us online today to schedule a free consultation with one of our Atlanta brain injury attorneys.

Understanding Traumatic Brain Injuries

A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a significant injury to the brain that is typically caused by a forceful blow, jolt, or penetrating wound to the head. TBIs can range from mild to severe and can have various short-term and long-term effects on an individual's physical, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral functioning. These injuries are often classified based on their severity, and they can result from a wide range of accidents or incidents.

Common Types of Brain Injury

  • Concussion: Concussions are the mildest form of TBI. They usually result from a sudden impact or a blow to the head, causing a temporary disruption in brain function. Symptoms may include headache, confusion, dizziness, and memory problems. Most people recover from concussions with rest and medical monitoring.
  • Contusion: A contusion is a bruise on the brain's surface, often caused by a direct impact to the head. Depending on its location and size, a brain contusion can lead to various symptoms, including cognitive deficits, motor impairments, and sensory disturbances.
  • Diffuse Axonal Injury (DAI): DAI is a severe TBI that occurs when the brain rapidly shifts inside the skull due to acceleration or deceleration forces. This movement can cause damage to the brain's axons, which are responsible for transmitting signals between neurons. DAI can result in a coma, profound cognitive impairment, and a long and challenging recovery process.
  • Penetrating Injury: Penetrating injuries occur when a foreign object, such as a bullet or a sharp object, penetrates the skull and damages brain tissue. These injuries can be highly severe and often require immediate surgical intervention.
  • Coup-Contrecoup Injury: This type of TBI involves two points of impact on the brain. The first impact occurs when the head is struck, causing damage at the site of impact (coup). The brain can then rebound and strike the opposite side of the skull, causing a secondary injury (contrecoup). This type of injury can result in widespread brain damage.
  • Hematoma: Hematomas are blood clots that form within the brain or between the brain and the skull. There are several types of hematomas, including epidural, subdural, and intracerebral hematomas. Depending on their location and size, hematomas can exert pressure on the brain, leading to symptoms such as headaches, confusion, and neurological deficits.
  • Skull Fracture: A skull fracture is a break in one or more of the bones that make up the skull. While the fracture itself may not directly damage the brain, it can increase the risk of other brain injuries, such as contusions or intracranial bleeding. Different types of skull fractures include linear, depressed, and basilar fractures.
  • Anoxic Brain Injury: Anoxic brain injuries occur when the brain is deprived of oxygen for an extended period. This can result from events like drowning, choking, or cardiac arrest. Anoxic brain injuries can lead to severe and irreversible brain damage, affecting various aspects of a person's functioning.
  • Hypoxic Brain Injury: Similar to anoxic injuries, hypoxic brain injuries result from reduced oxygen supply to the brain. These injuries are typically less severe than anoxic injuries but can still cause significant impairments in cognitive and motor functions.

Common Causes of Traumatic Brain Injuries

Traumatic brain injuries can result from various accidents and incidents, including:

  • Car Accidents: Motor vehicle accidents are a common cause of TBIs. Even seemingly minor accidents can lead to severe head injuries.
  • Slip and Fall Accidents: Falls, particularly among the elderly, can result in serious head injuries.
  • Sports Injuries: Athletes are at risk of suffering TBIs, especially in high-contact sports like football and soccer.
  • Workplace Accidents: Construction workers, industrial employees, and others in hazardous professions can be exposed to TBI risks.
  • Medical Malpractice: Surgical errors, anesthesia complications, and other medical mistakes can lead to brain injuries.
  • Defective Products: Defective products, such as faulty helmets or safety equipment, can contribute to TBIs.

Traumatic Brain Injuries Symptoms

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) symptoms can vary depending on the severity of the injury, the area of the brain that was affected, and the individual's age.

Mild TBI Symptoms

  • Headache
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Fatigue or drowsiness
  • Difficulty concentrating or thinking clearly
  • Dizziness or balance problems
  • Sensitivity to light or sound
  • Sleep problems
  • Changes in mood or behavior
  • Brief loss of consciousness (in some cases)

Moderate to Severe TBI Symptoms

In addition to the symptoms of mild TBI, moderate to severe TBI can also cause:

  • Loss of consciousness for several minutes to hours
  • Persistent or worsening headache
  • Repeated vomiting or nausea
  • Convulsions or seizures
  • Dilation of one or both pupils of the eyes
  • Clear fluids draining from the nose or ears
  • Inability to awaken from sleep
  • Weakness or numbness in arms, legs, or face
  • Loss of coordination
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Changes in personality or behavior

Long-Term Effects of Brain Injuries

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